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Media Office
Wilayah Egypt

H.  14 Shawwal 1444 No: 1444 / 16
M.  Thursday, 04 May 2023

Press Comment
Allegiance between Islam and Capitalism

The former Grand Mufti of Egypt, Head of the Religious Affairs Committee and the Awqaf (Endowments) Committee in Parliament, Ali Gomaa said that the concept of citizenship in the modern era is a social contract between the individual and the state and that’s what the concept of Nationality was based on, which entails the rights and duties of the individual in society. During his participation, Wednesday evening, in a symposium organized by the Faculty of Law at Alexandria University under the title “Citizenship between Christianity and Islam”, Gomaa added the realization of this concept in Islamic history came through several models in the era of the Muhammadan message and the Khulafa’a ar-Rashideen, by way of several images in the communities of Mecca, Medina and Abyssinia. He clarified that the state in Islam is a civil state and differs from religious and secular states, that it is based on the separation of legislative, judicial and executive powers, but as long as the legislation is within Islamic Shariah (Islamic law) framework, this means that citizenship is the safest way to coexist in the current era. (Al-Masry Al-Youm, 3/5/2023).

Citizenship means that an individual who enjoys membership in a country deserves the privileges that membership entails. And in its political sense, citizenship refers to the rights guaranteed by the state to those who hold its nationality, and the obligations imposed on him; or it could mean the individual's participation in the affairs of his country, and his sense of belonging. (Wikipedia) Citizenship is equal to the nationality established by the state in the capitalist ideology, according to them the state is the one that grants the nationality, and it is the one that revokes it.

In Islam, it corresponds to at-Tabi’iah (Islamic citizen), even though there is a similarity between at-Tabi’iah and nationality, the difference between them is vast. At-Tabi’iah is a Shar’i rule which the ruler and the ruled are subject to, and the state proceeds in its rulings according to the Shariah rules. Allah (swt) says:

[وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَلَمْ يُهَاجِرُواْ مَا لَكُم مِّن وَلاَيَتِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ حَتَّى يُهَاجِرُواْ]

“But those who believed and did not emigrate - for you there is no guardianship of them until they emigrate.”[Al-Anfal: 72]. So the meaning of the ayah is that if they migrated, then you have become a guardian over them, i.e. they carry the Islamic State’s citizenship, and the Khilafah state has no right to deprive one of its subjects from its citizenship.

The term ‘at-Tabi’iah’ means the existence of an executive entity for the set of standards, concepts and convictions, and the existence of people who share the same concepts and moved by the same emotions, this executive entity applies one system to these people. It will be one system, one concept, and one emotion of one source, all of which emanate from Al-Aqeedah (belief) of this society, the Islamic Aqeedah.

The relationship of every one of the people in this society with this executive entity is a Tabi’iah relationship. It entails obedience from the people, and from the Dawlah, (State) the unity of the view on its people in governance, administration, judiciary, taking care of affairs, and so on. At-Tabi’iah is Islamic rule in which each of the Khalifah and his people act upon their obligation to bring them closer to Allah (swt) in seeking the ajr wal-thawab (reward).

Hizb ut Tahrir has prepared a draft constitution that includes articles that explain At-Tabi’iah (citizenship), who holds it, and what are its provisions:

Article 5: All citizens of the Islamic State enjoy the Shari’ah rights and duties.

Article 6: The State is forbidden to discriminate at all between the individuals in terms of ruling, judiciary and management of affairs or their like. Rather, every individual should be treated equally regardless of race, Deen, colour or anything else.

This does not and will not be applied except in the State which Hizb ut Tahrir works for it day and night searching for Ansar (supporters) like the Ansar of the past to give bayah to Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saw) and support for His Deen.

O Sincere Ones in the Kinanah Army: The ropes of rulers that surround your necks are weaker than a spider's thread, so cut them off, nothing is more reliable than Allah’s strong rope, link your ropes to the sincere workers to implement Islam in support of Allah (swt), His Messenger (saw), and His Deen to establish His state in which contains your salvation and the salvation of your Ummah, may Allah grant victory and establish the Khilafah Rashidah (rightly guided Caliphate) on the method of the Prophethood, that implements Islam with its justice so people see its rules as a practical reality embodied so they enter into the Deen of Allah in multitudes, O your glory and your happiness if you did, may Allah make you from its people and its supporters, Allahuma Ameen.

[وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَاهَدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ وَالَّذِينَ آوَواْ وَّنَصَرُواْ أُولَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ حَقّاً لَّهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَرِزْقٌ كَرِيمٌ]

“But those who have believed and emigrated and fought in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided - it is they who are the believers, truly. For them is forgiveness and noble provision.” [Al-Anfal: 74]

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